There is no attainment target for PSHE but end of key stage statements have been developed to help teachers assess progress.
End of key stage statements
The following statements describe the types and range of performance that the majority of pupils should characteristically demonstrate by the end of the key stage, having been taught a relevant programme of PSHE. The statements are designed to help teachers judge levels of achievement and the extent to which their pupils are making progress.
Key stage 1
Children can identify and name some feelings (for example through interpreting facial expressions) and express some of their positive qualities. They can demonstrate that they can manage some feelings in a positive and effective way. They begin to share their views and opinions (for example talking about fairness). They can set themselves simple goals (for example sharing toys).
Children can make simple choices about some aspects of their health and wellbeing (for example by choosing between different foods and between physical activities, knowing that they need sun protection) and know what keeps them healthy (for example exercise and rest). They can explain ways of keeping clean (for example by washing their hands and keeping their hair tidy) and they can name the main parts of the body. Children can talk about the harmful aspects of some household products and medicines, and describe ways of keeping safe in familiar situations (for example knowing how and where to cross the road safely). They can explain that people grow from young to old.
Children can recognise that bullying is wrong and can list some ways to get help in dealing with it. They can recognise the effect of their behaviour on other people, and can cooperate with others (for example by playing and working with friends or classmates). They can identify and respect differences and similarities between people, and can explain different ways that family and friends should care for one another (for example telling a friend that they like them, showing concern for a family member who is unwell).
Key stage 2
Children can demonstrate that they recognise their own worth and that of others (for example by making positive comments about themselves and classmates). They can express their views confidently and listen to and show respect for the views of others. They can identify positive ways to face new challenges (for example the transition to secondary school). They can discuss some of the bodily and emotional changes at puberty, and can demonstrate some ways of dealing with these in a positive way. They can talk about a range of jobs, and explain how they will develop skills to work in the future. They can demonstrate how to look after and save money.
Children can make choices about how to develop healthy lifestyles (for example by knowing the importance of a healthy diet and regular exercise). They can identify some factors that affect emotional health and wellbeing (for example exercise or dealing with emotions). They can make judgements and decisions and can list some ways of resisting negative peer pressure around issues affecting their health and wellbeing. They can list the commonly available substances and drugs that are legal and illegal, and can describe some of the effects and risks of these. They can identify and explain how to manage the risks in different familiar situations (for example discussing issues connected to personal safety).
Children can explain how their actions have consequences for themselves and others. They can describe the nature and consequences of bullying, and can express ways of responding to it. They can identify different types of relationship (for example marriage or friendships), and can show ways to maintain good relationships (for example listening, supporting, caring). They can respond to, or challenge, negative behaviours such as stereotyping and aggression. They can describe some of the different beliefs and values in society, and can demonstrate respect and tolerance towards people different from themselves.
Key stage 3
Pupils can reflect on and evaluate their achievements and strengths in all areas of their lives and recognise their own worth. They demonstrate respect for differences between people. They can recognise some strong emotions and identify ways of managing these emotions positively (for example talking with a friend or teacher about their feelings on divorce or falling in love). They can plan realistic targets for key stage 4, and start relating career plans to qualifications and skills (for example in their choice of course options). They can demonstrate competency in managing their personal finances (for example by joining a school saving scheme).
Pupils can explain how to stay physically and mentally healthy. They can make informed choices to maintain their health and wellbeing, and can explain reasons for these choices (for example by being well informed in relation to sexually transmitted infections). They can assess the element of risk attached to making choices about healthy lifestyles, travel, personal safety and personal finances. They can state the basic facts and laws about alcohol, tobacco and legal and illegal drugs. They can demonstrate effective ways of resisting negative pressure, including from their peers (for example knowing where to get help, knowing that there is an option to delay, showing resilience).
Pupils can recognise difference and diversity (for example in culture, lifestyles, sexuality or relationships), and can demonstrate understanding and empathy towards others who live their lives in different ways. They can assertively challenge prejudice and discrimination (for example that related to gender, race, disability, etc). They can recognise and discuss the importance of relationships to sexual activity (for example in terms of human reproduction, using contraception and sexually transmitted infections including HIV), and to marriage, parenthood and family life. They can discuss ways that relationships change over time, and how to negotiate within relationships (for example agreeing a curfew time with a parent or carer).
Key stage 4
Pupils can assess their personal qualities, skills and achievements and use these to set future goals (for example in public performance, in challenging physical activities). They can present themselves confidently and use praise and criticism effectively. They can identify the range of post-16 options available to them and can use careers advice and support networks to plan and negotiate their career pathways, setting realistic targets. They can use some of the financial tools and services available to them to manage their personal finances (for example using bank machines, identifying different types of bank and savings accounts).
Pupils can describe the short- and long-term consequences of personal health choices, and can make decisions based on this knowledge. They can identify some of the causes, symptoms and treatments of mental and emotional health disorders such as stress and depression, including the link between eating disorders and self-image, and can identify strategies for preventing and addressing these. They can assess the risks and benefits associated with lifestyle choices such as sexual activity or using alcohol, tobacco and illegal drugs, and can make safer choices based on this assessment. They can state where to find professional health advice and are confident in seeking it (for example from their GP or other support services).
Pupils can compare the diversity of ethnic and cultural groups. They can take the initiative in challenging and giving support in connection with offensive behaviour (for example by seeking help from the appropriate authorities). They can develop appropriate relationships with a range of adults (for example during work experience).
Pupils can discuss relationships, feelings and emotions, and can analyse ways of managing these in connection with family events (for example the arrival of a new baby or parental separation). They can explain the importance of different relationships and associated responsibilities, including those of marriage, parenthood and family life.