Using and applying number
1. Pupils should be taught to:
Problem solving
 make connections in mathematics and appreciate the need to use numerical skills and knowledge when solving problems in other parts of the mathematics curriculum
 break down a more complex problem or calculation into simpler steps before attempting a solution; identify the information needed to carry out the tasks
 select and use appropriate mathematical equipment, including ICT
 find different ways of approaching a problem in order to overcome any difficulties
 make mental estimates of the answers to calculations; check results
Communicating
 organise work and refine ways of recording
 use notation diagrams and symbols correctly within a given problem
 present and interpret solutions in the context of the problem
 communicate mathematically, including the use of precise mathematical language
Reasoning
 understand and investigate general statements [for example, 'there are four prime numbers less than 10', 'wrist size is half neck size']

search for pattern in their results; develop logical thinking and explain their reasoning.
Note for 1f: Cross reference to English: En3 Writing: Composition
1. Pupils should be taught to:
a. choose form and content to suit a particular purpose [for example, notes to read or organise thinking, plans for action, poetry for pleasure]
e. use features of layout, presentation and organisation effectively
Note for 1g: Cross reference to English: En1 Speaking and listening: Speaking
1. To speak with confidence in a range of contexts, adapting their speech for a range of purposes and audiences, pupils should be taught to:
a. use vocabulary and syntax that enables them to communicate more complex meanings d. show clear shape and organisation with an introduction and an ending 