3. Pupils should be taught:
Growth and nutrition
- the effect of light, air, water and temperature on plant growth
- the role of the leaf in producing new material for growth
- that the root anchors the plant, and that water and minerals are taken in through the root and transported through the stem to other parts of the plant
- about the parts of the flower [for example, stigma, stamen, petal, sepal] and their role in the life cycle of flowering plants, including pollination, seed formation, seed dispersal and germination.