3. Range and content
This section outlines the breadth of the subject on which teachers should draw when teaching the key concepts and key processes.
The study of science should include:
3.1 Energy, electricity and forces
forces are interactions between objects and can affect their shape and motion
electric current in circuits can produce a variety of effects.
- energy can be transferred usefully, stored, or dissipated, but cannot be created or destroyed
3.2 Chemical and material behaviour
elements consist of atoms that combine together in chemical reactions to form compounds
elements and compounds show characteristic chemical properties and patterns in their behaviour.
- the particle model provides explanations for the different physical properties and behaviour of matter
3.3 Organisms, behaviour and health
- life processes are supported by the organisation of cells into tissues, organs and body systems
- the human reproductive cycle includes adolescence, fertilisation and foetal development
- conception, growth, development, behaviour and health can be affected by diet, drugs and disease
- all living things show variation, can be classified and are interdependent, interacting with each other and their environment
- behaviour is influenced by internal and external factors and can be investigated and measured.
3.4 The environment, Earth and universe
- geological activity is caused by chemical and physical processes
- astronomy and space science provide insight into the nature and observed motions of the sun, moon, stars, planets and other celestial bodies
- human activity and natural processes can lead to changes in the environment.