3. Range and content
This section outlines the breadth of the subject on which teachers should draw when teaching the key concepts and key processes.
The study of mathematics should enable pupils to apply their knowledge, skills and understanding to relevant realworld situations.
The study of mathematics should include:
3.1 Number and algebra
 rational numbers, their properties and their different representations
 rules of arithmetic applied to calculations and manipulations with rational numbers
 applications of ratio and proportion
 accuracy and rounding
 algebra as generalised arithmetic
 linear equations, formulae, expressions and identities
 analytical, graphical and numerical methods for solving equations
 polynomial graphs, sequences and functions
3.2 Geometry and measures
 properties of 2D and 3D shapes
 constructions, loci and bearings
 Pythagorasâ€™ theorem
 transformations
 similarity, including the use of scale
 points, lines and shapes in 2D coordinate systems
 units, compound measures and conversions
 perimeters, areas, surface areas and volumes
3.3 Statistics
 the handling data cycle
 presentation and analysis of grouped and ungrouped data, including time series and lines of best fit
 measures of central tendency and spread
 experimental and theoretical probabilities, including those based on equally likely outcomes.
