Listening, and applying knowledge and understanding
4. Pupils should be taught:
- to listen with attention to detail and to internalise and recall sounds with increasing aural memory
- how the combined musical elements of pitch, duration, dynamics, tempo, timbre, texture and silence can be organised within musical structures [for example, ostinato] and used to communicate different moods and effects
- how music is produced in different ways [for example, through the use of different resources, including ICT] and described through relevant established and invented notations
- how time and place can influence the way music is created, performed and heard [for example, the effect of occasion and venue].